Esophagus is a muscular tube that connects the throat with the stomach . It is about 8 inches long and it is lined by mucosa , a moist pink tissue . Esophagus is considered as an organ in the digestive system.
In this article we’ll be talking about GERD, or Gastroesophageal reflux disease .
GERD, or Gastro-esophageal reflux disease is a disease that affects the digestion . Basically it’s a digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter . GERD causes heartburn and acid indigestion for many people, including pregnant women.
There’re many symptoms to diagnose this disease, including :
- Heartburn which is a burning sensation in the chest right after eating , and it may get worse in the night .
- Chest Pain
- Difficulties when swallowing .
- Sensation of a lump in your throat.
Having these symptoms oblige you to get a medical advice. It would be good to take your medical file with you because it will help the doctor identify your illness . Clinical examination and X ray might be parts of the diagnosis because they help the doctor know about your inner health and your current situation . In some rare situations, doctors need to insert a telescope into the larynx in order for him to determine the size of the damage .
There’re some foods that shall be avoided with GERD. High fat foods, fried and fatty foods , allow more stomach acid to back up into the esophagus . And as a result the disorder worsen . Also you people with GERD should avoid smoking, drinking alcohol , eating chocolate, tomato, caffeine, garlic, onions, and spicy foods.
Now that you know about the GERD, its causes and symptoms, let’s see what can be done to get rid of it .
Obesity is considered as a leading cause of GERD, so practicing sport, diet and losing weight is an effective solution . also , you have to :
- Eat smaller meals. …
- Don’t lie down after eating. …
- Elevate your bed. …
- Review your medications. …
- Quit smoking. …
- Cut back on alcohol.